Hey, I didn’t call it that — my boyfriend did. In fact, when I asked Matt what he wanted for his very special whatever-you-want 30th birthday dinner, this is what he asked for.
Eggplant is not the easiest vegetable to work with, and I think that’s why most people stick to enjoying this dish at a restaurant rather than tackle it at home. But it is possible to recreate that rich, tender, is-this-actually-a-vegetable eggplant.
The trick? salt. The secret to the best eggplant ever is salting it for at least 45 minutes before breading it, drawing out the moisture and bitterness.
Salting your eggplant beforehand is the only way to achieve that perfect texture that you’re looking for when making this dish. You don’t want a soggy, bitter eggplant — you need one that will be able to stand up to a mountain of cheese, sauce and heat, and one that will melt in your mouth, almost like a meatball.
The secret to the best eggplant ever is salting it for at least 45 minutes before breading it, drawing out the moisture and bitterness.
Also known as parmigiana di melanzane in Italian, eggplant parmigiana (also also known as eggplant parmesean — more on that later) is a popular dish in Italy, particularly in the southern regions, with a sort of unknown origin. Some Sicilians claim its birth place (we can be a stubborn folk) while some say it must have been created closer to Parma because of the cheese. Either way, I’m glad it stuck around this long and made its way to the U.S.
First things first — let’s talk about parmigiana vs parmesean. These are not interchangeable terms, and there is one you should definitely be using over the other.
Parmigiana-Reggiano is the real-deal parmigiana cheese you need in your life, and in any recipe that calls for “parm.” It’s a hard, dry cows-milk cheese, made only in Italian regions like Bologna, Modena, and Parma, aged at least two years. Only cheeses made in these regions can be labeled Parmigiana-Reggiano under Italian law — they take it very seriously. Aside from looking closely at the label, the rind can give you another clue as to if its parmigiana. The rind should be stamped, and you might even be able to see part of a letter or two. In fact, each 80-lb wheel of cheese (not an exaggeration) is given a unique identifiable number.
Parmesean on the other hand is not a regulated cheese in the United States. Cheeses labeled Parmesean are likely an imitation of Parmigiana, typically only aged less than a year. They are much more mild in flavor, and lack the nutty and complex taste of true Parmigiana-Reggiano.
Now that you have a newfound appreciation for Parmigiana-Reggiano, and perhaps answers to a potential trivia question at some point in your life, we can get back to this glorious best ever eggplant parm. And Matt’s milestone birthday.
I’m going to tell you up front, that this is not a weeknight dinner. It would be a bad idea to try and do this after a day of work. This dish is a labor of love, best enjoyed on a day when you slept in and had no where else to be — because it’s going to take some effort.
But what better way to celebrate someone’s third decade in life than to make them the best ever eggplant parm?! We had a quiet but nice 30th birthday for Matt, lingering around our small dinner table over our second serving of eggplant (and wine). He was born on the 4th of July actually, and we’ve now had three birthdays together. I think he feels just OK about turning 30. I think it’s pretty exciting! …Not that I’d want to trade or anything.
I just figured I’d share this since I was very proud of my 30th birthday dinner decor, which included these fun balloons! The evening included an exciting unwrapping of Ray-Bans, an impulsive Nordstrom.com order of another pair for myself (that actually turned out to be the wrong pair because I was drunk on eggplant parm. And I guess maybe wine too) and finally, the most amazing chocolate cake that I need to make again (and again) and share on the blog. Shout out to my sorella Chelsea who enjoyed it on her recent birthday! It was pretty much “the best ever 30th birthday.” Not sure he actually said that but I’m running with the best-ever theme here.
I promise if you make my best ever eggplant parm, you will not regret it. You will linger like we did over this pot of tender and flavorful breaded eggplant, wrapped in the perfect red sauce and topped with deliciously melted cheeses. Bonus: the leftovers are amazing. I like to heat an “eggplant round,” as I like to call them, back up in the oven at 350°, and top it with lemon and oil-dressed arugula. Dare I say.. the best lunch ever?
Best Ever Eggplant Parmigiana
- 2 medium-large eggplants
- 2-3 cups panko breadcrumbs I sometimes use panko breadcrumbs with Italian seasoning, but I always check the label for real ingredients. If you can’t pronounce an ingredient, stick with the plain and add your own spices, like thyme, basil, oregano, pepper and fennel seed.
- 2-3 eggs
- 1-2 cups flour
- Whole milk ricotta cheese
- Fontina cheese
- low-moisture Mozzarella save the fresh stuff for another time!
- Parmigiana-Reggiano cheese
- Red sauce
- Fresh basil optional
- Slice eggplant into 1/4-1/2 inch thick rounds and lay on a paper towel-lined baking sheet. Salt generously, and add another few sheets of paper towels on top to cover. Repeat this step until all your eggplant is salted and resting on the baking sheet. On top of a final layer of paper towels, add heavy pots (I use two cast iron pots) to help squeeze out liquid. Let rest at least 45 minutes and up to 1.5 hours.
- While the eggplant is resting, take your time making the red sauce.
- Remove pots from baking sheet, and collect all the eggplant. Place on a cutting board or other clean surface.
- Preheat oven to 400°
- Whisk eggs in a bowl, add flour to another bowl (or put on a larger cutting board) and add breadcrumbs to another bowl.
- Bread all the eggplant by lightly coating in flour, shaking off any excess, and dipping in eggs and then breadcrumbs.
- Place all the now-breaded eggplant rounds on a baking sheet and drizzle oil on top, making sure to get some on each one.
- Place in the oven and cook until lightly browned, about 15 minutes or so. Flip halfway through. You may need to repeat this step if all your eggplant doesn’t fit, which is normal.
- Now that the sauce is done, add a little sauce to the bottom of a baking dish. As you may notice in the pictures, I used a wide cast iron pot so I just took all the sauce out and began layering back in the pot.
- Add a couple of eggplant rounds to dish, top with a little bit of each of the cheeses, and then add another light layer of sauce. Repeat until you’re left with a final layer of cheese. Make sure you save a good heaping of cheese for the last layer! If you want a lighter version, use less cheese in between. You also don’t have to use all of those different cheeses, but c’mon — how often do you make Eggplant Parm?
- Place in oven and cook until cheese is bubbly and perfect. Top with basil before serving.
Wow this sounds delicious! Following for more great recipes. Thanks for sharing! I recently made flan and it was fantastic. Here is the recipe if you’d like to give it a try too 🙂
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Thank you so much!
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I could never get a handle on cooking eggplant which is a shame as it is one of my favorite things. Thanks for this post as it makes me want to try again
Thanks for reading Heyoka! You’re not alone – eggplant can be tricky. The salt is key!
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I know last time zi salted it and soaked it it was not rinsed enough and was an instant heart attack lol
I actually don’t rinse my eggplant after salting it! I just make sure to pat it really dry with paper towels. If you were using coarse sea salt that may have also made it way too salty. You don’t really need that much salt just enough to sweat the eggplant 🙂